Last Thoughts on “…serious bodily injury accident…”

When this question was first posted on FB, there was a lot of adjective/adverb conversation about the word “bodily.” An adjective answers “Which one?” or “What?” about the noun or pronoun it modifies; an adverb answers “When?” “Where?” “Why?” or “How?” — and a few extensions of these questions — about the verb, adjective, or other adverb it modifies. In …

Comma Before a Predicate Nominative

A “predicate nominative” is a noun or pronoun that follows a condition verb and renames the subject. …My mom is an engineer… …Her name is the same as mine… …She became a lawyer… Sometimes the predicate nominative is a whole clause. …The question is when she decided to quit… …Rosa is what many call a “natural” at this… …Her house …

“Serious bodily injury accident” — Part 1

The punctuation of these words occasioned a rather heated discussion on FB that contained a number of misconceptions about the language in general. First, a note about the “-ly” issue. Adverbs that end in “-ly” are formed from an adjective: …recent, recently… …new,  newly… …charming, charmingly… …heavy, heavily… …steady, steadily… When one of these “-ly” words combines with another word …

The Word “If”

Sometimes attorneys use a clause that starts with if as if it were a complete sentence. …If you would turn to the second page… …If you would take a look at this document… This is just “bad grammar” creeping into the transcript. I believe these are “alternate” forms of a command form. …Please turn to the second page… …Take a …

Quotation Marks and the Dash

Whether you want the dash inside or outside quotation marks when there is an interruption is really a matter of personal preference. When the quote is interrupted, you might decide to put the dash inside. If your thinking is that the dash is not part of the original quote, then put the dash outside the quotes. Just be consistent. If …

Participles

A participle, the –ing or –ed form of the verb that is being used as an adjective, that comes right after the word it modifies is punctuated based on “essential/nonessential.” If the participle is needed to define the word it modifies, there are no commas. …owned the car involved in the accident… …know the man sitting near my son… If …

That “Extra” Preposition

Just a little grammar this morning. …dedicated and supported by his parents… 🙁 This construction just does not work. Parents is the object of the preposition by. But the construction assumes that it also goes with dedicated. Since we are not “dedicated by,” we have to insert the correct preposition. …dedicated to and supported by his parents… Happy punctuating! Margie

“Who” or “Whom”?

We continue with this dilemma, sometimes stretching to “look good.” Here is a sentence from an article about the golf tournament over the weekend: …The fact that so many cheered was confirmation of whom the people thought was the bad guy. Prior to this sentence in the article, there were a couple of mistakes: a verb left out of a …

Happy, happy…

Happy, Happy Mothers’ Day to all of you out there who have been blessed to have this role in life — and I think the apostrophe should be AFTER the s since it is the day to celebrate all mothers. What do you think? And when the same word is used twice in exactly the same way — back to …

“Old/Olds” in Combination with “Year/Years”

…a five-year-old was… …knew the 12-year-olds who… The word old/olds is part of the hyphenated compound noun when the word year is singular. The word old/olds is a combining form, and the combination is hyphenated. …is five years old… …knew he was 12 years old… When the word years is plural, the word old is an adjective. There are no hyphens in the combination. Happy …