“Farther” and “Further”

The word far is compared as farther/further and with the superlative farthest/furthest. Farther/farthest are physically measurable distances. …We walked two miles farther today. …She drove farther on Monday than today. Further/furthest are not physically measurable. …This discussion is going no further. …She carried the relationship further than she had intended. Happy punctuating! Margie

Prepositional Phrase

The terms “essential/nonessential” NEVER apply to a prepositional phrase. Prepositional phrases that are adjectives tend to be right after the word they modify; prepositional phrases that are adverbs can float around in the sentence. One prepositional phrase that just modifies rarely has punctuation. …The man in the red shirt is my dad. …The car near mine was also damaged. …We …

“Full-Time”

The dictionary shows full-time hyphenated as an adverb. …He works full-time. …She was there full-time. As an adjective, it follows the rules: Hyphenate it as a direct adjective; do not hyphenate it when it is not in front of the noun. …He has a full-time job. …His job is full time. Part-time follows these same rules. Happy punctuating! Margie

Fractions

Hyphenate a fraction as a direct adjective; otherwise, it is not hyphenated. …two-thirds cup… …two thirds of a cup… …three fourths of the vote… …three-fourths vote… Regular fractions standing alone are written out in words. Happy punctuating! Margie

Dependent Clauses

This is an email question from yesterday. …‚ĶOkay. Now, you told us, Ms. Ryan — right? — at one point you got up [, or ;] you left the room [, or ;] and you went to the bathroom. Is that right? Amid all the other punctuation issues, the question is do we need semicolons or commas between the three …

Apostrophe or Hyphen

When there is a quantity, measurement, distance, value, amount that is expressed as a direct adjective (right in front of a noun) AND there is an “s” on the adjective, use an apostrophe “s” when it is singular and an “s” apostrophe when it is plural. …one minute’s delay …five minutes’ delay …one week’s vacation …two weeks’ vacation When there …

Oops! …Years Old

The last example should be …The victim was a 55-year-old. I don’t know why it looks good one minute and not once I have hit the button to send it to you all! Happy punctuating! Margie

…Years Old

If someone’s age is being described and there is no noun that is being modified, there are no hyphens. …He is five years old. …She is 55 years old. When the combination becomes a direct adjective (right in front of the noun), it is hyphenated. In this case, we say “year” instead of “years.” That does not make a difference …

Plurals of Names

When making a title and name plural, there are some options. Obviously you need to take into account how it is said. Two people named Smith …the two Messrs. Smith …the two Mr. Smiths …the two Mmes. Smith …the two Mrs. Smiths …the two Misses Smith …the two Miss Smiths …the two Mss. Smith …the two Ms. Smiths Happy punctuating! …

It’s Not Too Late…

We had just an hour and a half of the grammar class last week. We have thirteen and a half hours to go. Join us. Here is the link with the information. http://www.ccr.edu/index.php/component/content/article/43-loocs/443-cre302-good-grammar-finally Happy punctuating! Margie