Commas Around Them, Commas Inside Them

Margie Wakeman Wells The Comma, The Dash, Uncategorized Leave a Comment

When elements that have commas around them also have commas within them, the commas around them change to dashes. …If it has misspellings — whether they be medications, medical terms, or names — you’ll end up having to change them yourself. …The men who helped us — Ron, Ross, Ralph, and Manny — volunteered on their own. …All of the …

The Dash —

Margie Wakeman Wells The Dash Leave a Comment

Rather than thinking of the dash as being used for an “interruption,” it will serve you better to frame that rule as “A dash is used for a sentence that got started and did not get finished — broken sentence structure.” This thinking will allow you to use a dash in some places that may feel uncomfortable but where it …

Another Off-Beat Dash Rule

Margie Wakeman Wells The Dash Leave a Comment

When a person finishes a sentence and then decides to add “clarification” in the form of an appositive that renames the subject, the only correct punctuation is a dash. …We didn’t have the expertise to do that kind of project — my husband and I. …They came in quietly and said nothing during the meeting — the supervisors. …It is …

A Not-Very-Well-Known Dash Rule

Margie Wakeman Wells The Comma, The Dash Leave a Comment

Most reporters use the dash simply for that ever-present interruption. There are, however, grammar rules associated with the dash. Here’s one: When an indefinite pronoun follows ONE word and renames it, there is most often a comma. When an indefinite pronoun follows MORE THAN ONE word and renames each word, there should be a dash. …He took medications, some of …

“i.e.” and Its Friends, Part 4

Margie Wakeman Wells The Comma, The Dash Leave a Comment

These eight expressions are often used when something is being renamed or reiterated: i.e., that is, e.g., for example, to wit, namely, for instance, in other words The punctuation depends upon where they are in the sentence and/or what follows them. There are six rules; so we will do a few at a time. THE PARENTHETICAL AND THE APPOSITIVE IN …

“i.e.” and Its Friends, Part 3

Margie Wakeman Wells The Comma, The Dash Leave a Comment

These eight expressions are often used when something is being renamed or reiterated: i.e., that is, e.g., for example, to wit, namely, for instance, in other words The punctuation depends upon where they are in the sentence and/or what follows them. There are six rules; so we will do a few at a time. AT THE END OF THE SENTENCE …

The Dash 3

Margie Wakeman Wells The Dash Leave a Comment

One of the places where there is a lot of push-back against using the dash is this: …Q     The car on the left — what color was it? …Q     The restaurant where you were eating — is that one where you often eat? If you think of the first dash rule as “broken sentence structure” rather than just as an …