“Yes” and “No” and Their Friends

When “yes” and “no” are being used generically, there are no quotes. That is, when they are being used to refer to a positive or negative answer, they are not quoted. Attorneys are generally looking for a generic response and are not requiring that those words and only those words be used. When the “yes” and “no” are mixed in …

Summer School Continues on Saturday

Can you distinguish a clause from a phrase? Do you know how to handle each one in a transcript? Where do the commas go? The most important part of all punctuation is clauses and phrases and how they go together to form sentences. Here’s your chance. I am offering an eight-hour class over the next two weekends to focus just …

Free Class Tomorrow

Tomorrow at noon Pacific time, I am giving a free session on some random uses of the comma that do not come up too often; so the rules are not often discussed. There is still time to register. Go to margieholdsclass.com. If you already have an account on my site, sign into your account first. We will be holding “summer …

More on Hyphenation

There are some hyphenation questions that fall into a “gray” area. This is the method I would try when you are in doubt — or maybe when you just want to figure it out. …sunny breakfast room First, it is a room. Then, it is a breakfast room. Last, it is a breakfast room that is sunny. If this works, …

“Self” Words

I have had a request to explain pronouns that end in self/selves. This is a category of words called “compound personal pronouns.” They are …myself, ourselves …yourself, yourselves …himself, herself, itself, themselves First, let’s say that there are several mistakes made in the way these words are said. Plural mistakes: …ourselves, not ourself …themselves, not themself  or theirself Form mistakes: …

Good Grammar (Finally!)

Coming on February 24 is the opening class for the 20 hours of Good Grammar (Finally!). An understanding of grammar — parts of speech, phrases and clauses, how words modify — dramatically improves one’s ability to punctuate with ease. If you know a word is just a simple adverb modifier, you won’t be tempted to put commas around it. If …

More Hyphen Stuff…

When a prefix goes with both words in a hyphenated combination, do not add the prefix and make it solid word. Hyphenate the prefix. …In your opinion, are the non-work-related conditions also disabling to Jane? When a prefix goes with a compound that is separate words, do not add the prefix to make a solid word. Hyphenate the prefix. …Please run down …

Compound Question

When someone asks two questions and uses “or” in between, there are two options: Put a comma/semicolon before the “or” that separates the two sentences and a question mark at the end; or make it into two questions. When the questions are lengthy or there is a lot of other punctuation, it is probably best to break them into two …

Where to Put the Word “Only”?

The word only is very often misplaced in a sentence. Always put it just before the word that it refers to/modifies. …I only have a dollar. 🙁 …I have only a dollar. 🙂 …She only listened to her brother. 🙁 …She listened to only her brother. 🙂 …He only knows where it is. 🙁 …Only he knows where it is. 🙂 …

“The reason is…”

So many people make this mistake. My very favorite Dodgers announcer, Vin Scully, whose English was really excellent, made this error. And he is not alone. I heard it three times yesterday and had the news on for only an hour. Once you say “the reason,” all other words implying the reason are unnecessary. …The reason why is that she …