The Adverb That Gets Bumped up to Conjunction

Sometimes an adverb gets pulled out to the beginning of a sentence to form a “bridge” to the sentence before it. It becomes a linking word for the two sentences and shows a relationship between the two sentences. This is called a conjunctive adverb. Some examples are

however, moreover, nevertheless, therefore, still, thus, yet, then

Generally there is a comma before a conjunctive adverb. When it has more than one syllable, it has a comma after it; when there is only syllable, there is no comma.

…He had sent her the money. He therefore expected a response.
…He had sent her the money; therefore, he expected a response.

…I had explained it several times. He still didn’t understand.
…I had explained it several times; still he didn’t understand.

Happy punctuating!

Margie

Comments 2

  1. Margie, I’m confused. You said there would be a comma before the conjunctive adverb but both of your examples have semi colons. I must be missing something elementary. Thanks in advance for your clarification.

    1. Post
      Author

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *